Critical Thinking Terms
Glossary of Critical Thinking Terms - Foundation for Critical Thinking
Critical thinking depends upon making explicit the standards or criteria for rational or justifiable thinking and behavior. See evaluation. critical listening: A mode of monitoring how we are listening so as to maximize our accurate understanding of what another person is saying.
Critical Thinking Terms
I got up to let the cat in. Conformity to knowledge, fact, actuality, or logic a statement proven to be or accepted as true, not false or erroneous. There is no way to encompass it completely and inexhaustibly.
Among the possible meanings of this sentence are the following those who administer welfare programs take bribes to administer welfare policy unfairly welfare policies are written in such a way that much of the money goes to people who dont deserve it rather than to those who do a government that gives money to people who havent earned it corrupts both the giver and the recipient. To decide by reasoning, to infer, to deduce the last step in a reasoning process a judgment, decision, or belief formed after investigation or reasoning. For example, one important concept in critical thinking is captured in the term intellectual standards, which is defined as criteria used to evaluate or judge the quality of reasoning.
Any belief or conclusion reached on the basis of careful thought and reflection, distinguished from mere or unreasoned opinion on the one hand, and from sheer fact on the other. Arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>empirical<strong> relying or based on experiment, observation, or experience rather than on theory or meaning. Prejudice almost always exists in obscured, rationalized, socially validated, functional forms.
There is some ambiguity in it, depending on whether one considers only the logicalness and effectiveness by which one pursues ones ends, or whether it includes the assessment of ends themselves. See didactic instruction, monological and multilogical problems and thinking. Students should think with this awareness in mind, with some sense of the limitations of their own, the texts, the teachers, the subjects perspective.
To understand one such idea often entails understanding other ideas. Arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>vague<strong> not clearly, precisely, or definitely expressed or stated not sharp, certain, or precise in thought, feeling, or expression. Unless we recognize these powerful tendencies toward selfish thought in our social institutions, even in what appear to be lofty actions and moralistic rhetoric, we will not face squarely the problem of prejudice in human thought and action.
Facts, figures, or information from which conclusions can be inferred, or upon which interpretations or theories can be based. All beliefs, decisions, or actions are based on human thought, but rarely as the result of conscious reasoning or deliberation. Emotions and feelings themselves are not irrational however, it is common for people to feel strongly when their ego is stimulated. People need no training to think that those who disagree with them are wrong and probably prejudiced. Is it then rational to follow reason and negate ones vested interests or follow ones interests and ignore reason? These very real dilemmas of everyday life represent on-going problems for critical thinkers.
A Glossary of Critical Thinking Terms and Concepts, 2nd edition ...
A Glossary of Critical Thinking Terms and Concepts, 2nd edition. ... Furthermore, we have focused on concepts of use to those interested in an explicit, multi-dimensional, Socratic, and systematic approach to critical thinking, rather than on approaches that are implicit, sophistic, one-dimensional, or episodic.
Critical Thinking Terms
Glossary: Guide to Critical Thinking Terms and Concepts
The critical habit of thought, if usual in a society, will pervade all its mores,
because it is a way of taking up the problems of life. Men educated in it cannot be
Critical Thinking Terms
People need extensive practice to recognize that they indeed have a point of view, that they live inferentially, that they do not have a direct pipeline to reality, Arial.
Education for critical thought produces higher order learning by helping students actively think their way to conclusions discuss their thinking with other students and the teacher entertain a variety of points of view analyze concepts, theories, and explanations in their own terms actively question the meaning and implications of what they learn compare what they learn to what they have experienced take what they read and write seriously solve non-routine problems examine assumptions and gather and assess evidence. Few people recognize the sociocentric nature of much of their thought.
To break up a whole into its parts, to examine in detail so as to determine the nature of, Furthermore.
One common form of uncritical or selfish critical thinking involves distorting facts or experience in order to preserve a preconceived meaning or theory. Selfish critical thinkers, of course, face no dilemma here because of their consistent commitment to advance their narrow vested interests.
A GLOSSARY TO CRITICAL THINKING TERMS... - UCU 103 Critical ...
People have both a primary and a secondary nature. Arial,helvetica,sans-serifthe logic of language for a language to exist and be learnable by persons from a variety of cultures, it is necessary that words have definite uses and defined concepts that transcend particular cultures. Critical thinking depends upon making explicit the standards or criteria for rational or justifiable thinking and behavior. Critical thinkers recognize that ultimate authority rests with reason and evidence, since it is only on the assumption that purported experts have the backing of reason and evidence that they rightfully gain authority. The ability to see and clearly and deeply understand the inner nature of things.
The act of showing a belief, opinion, action, or policy to be in accord with reason and evidence, to be ethically acceptable, or both. Unfortunately, this favorable inclination commonly becomes a form of prejudice a more or less rigid, irrational ego-identification which significantly distorts ones view of ones own nation and the world at large. A statement accepted or supposed as true without proof or demonstration an unstated premise or belief. Arial,helvetica,sans-serifstudents speak and write in vague sentences because they have no rational criteria for choosing words. Most important human problems are multilogical rather than monological nonatomic problems inextricably joined to other problems with some conceptual messiness to them and very often with important values lurking in the background.
Instruction for critical thinking cultivates the students ability to make explicit the logic of what they study. To decide by reasoning, to infer, to deduce the last step in a reasoning process a judgment, decision, or belief formed after investigation or reasoning. It implies the lack of intellectual pretentiousness, boastfulness, or conceit, combined with insight into the strengths or weaknesses of the logical foundations of ones beliefs. Notice that people often equate making assumptions with making false assumptions. Critical thinking requires that this fact be taken into account when analyzing and assessing thinking. There is no way to encompass it completely and inexhaustibly. As a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, we cannot do our work without your charitable gifts. Socrates is not the only thinker to imagine a society in which independent critical thought became embodied in the concrete day-to-day lives of individuals william graham sumner, north americas distinguished anthropologist, explicitly formulated the ideal rnthe critical habit of thought, if usual in a society, will pervade all its mores, because it is a way of taking up the problems of life. It is important to recognize, however, that in societies with irrational beliefs and practices, it is not clear whether challenging those beliefs and practices-and therefore possibly endangering oneself-is rational or irrational. When the right set of moves is performed, the problem is settled.A GLOSSARY TO CRITICAL THINKING TERMS AND CONCEPTS PART ONE
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Students learn best in dialogical situations, in circumstances in which they continually express their views to others and try to fit others views into their own. Worse, and more frequently, present instructional practices treat multilogical problems as though they were monological. To give ones own conception of, to place in the context of ones own experience, perspective, point of view, or philosophy. There is a second sense of intuition that is important for critical thinking, and that is the meaning suggested in the following sentence to develop your critical thinking abilities, it is important to develop your critical thinking intuitions. You may make many factual claims in one sense, that is, claims which can be verified or disproven by observation or empirical study, but i must evaluate those claims to determine if they are true Buy now Critical Thinking Terms
Critical thinkers can and do make their assumptions explicit, assess them, and correct them. The direct knowing or learning of something without the conscious use of reasoning. To have a clear perception or understanding of, to be sure of, to have a firm mental grasp of information applies to data that are gathered in any way, as by reading, observation, hearsay, etc. Before i accept this as true, i should assess it. Arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>sociocentricity<strong> the assumption that ones own social group is inherently and self-evidently superior to all others.
Raised in a society, we unconsciously take on its point of view, values, beliefs, and practices. See clarify, concept, logic, logic of language Critical Thinking Terms Buy now
. A standard, rule, or test by which something can be judged or measured. Education which stresses retention and repetition of factual claims stunts students desire and ability to assess alleged facts, leaving them open to manipulation. When they have a conceptual dimension, there tend to be arguably different ways to pin the concepts down. In the negative sense, we are implying blindness or irrational resistance to weaknesses within ones own point of view or to the strength or insight within a point of view one opposes.
Willingness and consciousness of the need to entertain all viewpoints sympathetically and to assess them with the same intellectual standards, without reference to ones own feelings or vested interests, or the feelings or vested interests of ones friends, community, or nation implies adherence to intellectual standards without reference to ones own advantage or the advantage of ones group Buy Critical Thinking Terms at a discount
Principles go to the heart of the matter. Thinking can be oriented or structured with different issues or purposes in view. Among the possible meanings of this sentence are the following those who administer welfare programs take bribes to administer welfare policy unfairly welfare policies are written in such a way that much of the money goes to people who dont deserve it rather than to those who do a government that gives money to people who havent earned it corrupts both the giver and the recipient. Arial,helvetica,sans-serifwhat they have in their heads exists like so many bbs in a bag. The positive side of this is the passion for fairness and impartial consideration of claims.
Foundation for critical thinking, appendix b, pp Buy Online Critical Thinking Terms
All that we believe is, one way or another, based on conclusions that we have come to during our lifetime. Arial,helvetica,sans-serif2) thinking that displays mastery of intellectual skills and abilities. Arial,helvetica,sans-serifimplyimplication a claim or truth which follows from other claims or truths. This prejudice toward psuedo-authority impedes rational assessment. If we learn nothing more than an abstract definition for a word and do not learn how to apply it effectively in a wide variety of situations, one might say that we end up with no intuitive basis for applying it.
To mention, describe, or define in detail limiting or limited specifying or specified precise definite Buy Critical Thinking Terms Online at a discount
It usually connotes some individual attention to the learner. Knowledge implies justifiable belief or skilled action. Arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>reasoning<strong> the mental processes of those who reason especially the drawing of conclusions or inferences from observations, facts, or hypotheses the evidence or arguments used in this procedure. The elements of its logic may be put in the form of questions which may be asked whenever an evaluation is to be carried out <span><p>rn<blockquote stylemargin-right 0px dirltr>rn<p><span stylefont-family arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>1) <strong>are we clear about what precisely we are evaluating?<br > <span><span stylefont-family arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>2)<strong> are we clear about our purpose? Is our purpose legitimate?<br > <span><span stylefont-family arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>3)<strong> given our purpose, what are the relevant criteria or standards for evaluation? <br > <span><span stylefont-family arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>4)<strong> do we have sufficient information about that which we are evaluating? Is that information relevant to the purpose?<br > <span><span stylefont-family arial,helvetica,sans-serif><strong>5)<strong> have we applied our criteria accurately and fairly to the facts as we know them? Uncritical thinkers often treat evaluation as mere preference or treat their evaluative judgments as direct observations not admitting of error Critical Thinking Terms For Sale
. Critical thinking is essential for the recognition of inconsistencies, and recognition is essential for reform and eventual integrity. Rarely do they ask why is this so? How does this relate to what i already know? How does this relate to what i am learning in other classes?rnto put the point in a nutshell, very few students think of what they are learning as worthy of being arranged logically in their minds or have the slightest idea of how to do so. Clearly stated and leaving nothing implied explicit is applied to that which is so clearly stated or distinctly set forth that there should be no doubt as to the meaning exact and precise in this connection both suggest that which is strictly defined, accurately stated, or made unmistakably clear definite implies precise limitations as to the nature, character, meaning, etc For Sale Critical Thinking Terms
Most instruction in schools today, because students do not think their way to what they accept as true, tends to give students prejudices rather than knowledge. Uncriticalness is a fundamental problem in human life, for when we are uncritical we nevertheless think of ourselves as critical. Socratic questioning can be carried out in a variety of ways and adapted to many levels of ability and understanding. Unfortunately, many students do not understand the significant relationship between precision in language usage and precision in thought. Arial,helvetica,sans-serifthe relationships between propositions (supports, assumes, implies, contradicts, counts against, is relevant to.
And, though we sometimes forget it, not all learning is automatically or even commonly rational Sale Critical Thinking Terms
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