Literature Review On Internet
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Conducting a Literature Review. Evaluating the credibility of sources is one of the most difficult aspects of a literature review, especially with the ease of finding information on the internet.
Literature Review On Internet
We have chosen to narrow our focus primarily to the neuroscientific research findings relating to addiction involving behaviors, despite the fact that there is also a large and growing body of research relating to their clinical presentation, epidemiology, health effects, public health ramifications,. Similarly, brevers and noël published a literature review where they found gd to fit within the i-risa, anti-reward, incentive saliencesensitization, and habit models of addiction. In a more recent review, released after the publication of the dsm-5, brand, young and laier the apa has now focused on internet gaming.
Specifically, higher pornography use correlated with lower grey matter volume in the dorsal striatum, a region associated sexual arousal and motivation. Give data and interpret magnitudes of effects. Implicit associations in cybersex addiction adaption of an implicit association test with pornographic pictures.
These results replicated the results of well-established studies on the incentive-salience theory of addiction, wherein addicts report higher levels of wanting but not of liking their salient rewards. He introduced an additional component of tolerance, in that previously established brain maps for natural sexuality cannot compare to the newly developed and continuously reinforced maps generated by continued compulsive watching of internet pornography, and thus the addicted individual progresses to more explicit and graphic internet pornography in order to maintain the higher level of excitement. The authors went on to provide gender specific heritability estimates for specific substances as 49 (m) and 64 (f) for alcohol, 44 (m) and 65 (f) for cocaine, 33 (m) and 79 (f) for marijuana, 43 (m) for opiates, and 53 (m) and 62 (f) for tobacco report common genetic factors on both sides of dual diagnoses for example, adhd and substance abuse.
The authors assumed that ia can be differentiated into generalized ia and several specific ias, e. The problematic and risky internet use screening scale (priuss) for adolescents and young adults scale development and refinement. Sex differences in response to visual sexual stimuli a review.
Hyman refers to addiction as the pathological usurpation of neural processes that normally serve reward-related learning propose a model of addiction as a steady transition from voluntary actions to habitual actions to compulsive actions. Behavioral and structural responses to chronic cocaine require a feedforward loop involving fosb and calciumcalmodulin-dependent protein kinase ii in the nucleus accumbens shell. I have identified four themes for this section assessing the quality of published work interpreting effects points of grammar and style and a few remarks about tables and figures.
Event-related potentials in substance use disorders a narrative review based on articles from 1984 to 2012. These brain changes are in turn considered neural correlates of reductions in executive control, especially in situations in which addiction related cues are present. Do not give a summary paper-by-paper instead, deal with themes and draw together results from several papers for each theme. Sex attracts investigating individual differences in attentional bias to sexual stimuli. Abnormal brain activation of adolescent internet addict in a ball-throwing animation task possible neural correlates of disembodiment revealed by fmri.
HOW TO WRITE A LITERATURE REVIEW - Sportscience
BACKGROUND. This article is written in the form of a literature review for the journal Sportscience. A few of the requirements for form and content are unique to Sportscience, but most are common to all good scientific journals.
Literature Review On Internet
Neuroscience of Internet Pornography Addiction: A Review and ...
Author Contributions. Todd Love conceived the project, conducted the literature review, and wrote the main part paper. Christian Laier and Matthias Brand contributed theoretically to the manuscript, wrote parts of the manuscript, and revised the manuscript.
Literature Review On Internet
The neuroplastic impairments expand beyond the mesocortical dopamine pathway into other regions of the prefrontal cortex responsible for motivation, self-regulationself-control, delayed reward discounting, and other cognitive and executive functions developed the impaired response inhibition and salience attribution (i-risa) model to emphasize the importance of this process, While the dlpfc is concerned with executive functions.
Additionally, whereas elevated creb levels dissipate quickly, Gambling disorderpathological gambling has been a highly published topic for many years, and the time scope of this topic was the most limited.
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Pathological gambling and the loss of willpower a neurocognitive perspective. How subjects were sampled is an important issue. Social networking on smartphones when mobile phones become addictive. The alteration of gray matter volume and cognitive control in adolescents with internet gaming disorder. Effects of electroacupuncture combined psycho-intervention on cognitive function and event-related potentials p300 and mismatch negativity in patients with internet addiction.
The same subjects were later shown preconscious sexually related visual cues (erotic images). In a similar fmri study, brand, grabenhorst, snagowski, laier and maderwald found heterosexual males to have increased ventral striatal activity in response to preferred pornographic images. Computer and video game addiction-a comparison between game users and non-game users. Indeed, the original formal proposal for ia to be included in the dsm-5 incorporated the subtypes of instant messaging, pornography use, and video games. Relationship between facebook use and problematic internet use among college students.
Deficits in visual processing caused by bound attention due to erotic stimuli was shown in studies using a choice reaction time task. Trait impulsivity and impaired prefrontal impulse inhibition function in adolescents with internet gaming addiction revealed by a gono-go fmri study. A review of internet pornography use research methodology and content from the past 10 years. Researchers believe this to be the molecular basis of tolerance, as increased amounts of the drug (or behavior) are required to overcome the increased amounts of creb. Gd and suds, and that this is further supported by the fact that specific treatments for suds are also effective in treating gambling addicts. Second, more years and more hours per week of use correlated with lower left putaminal activity in response to brief, still sexual images. The authors provided a short literature review renewing the argument that all manifestations of addiction operate via the same underlying mechanisms. Probing compulsive and impulsive behaviors, from animal models to endophenotypes a narrative review. Neurophysiological features of internet gaming disorder and alcohol use disorder a resting-state eeg study. The brain that changes itself stories of personal triumph from the frontiers of brain science reid, r.The Review of Biblical Literature (RBL), founded by the Society of Biblical Literature, presents reviews of books in biblical studies and related fields.Appearing in this digital form and in print, RBL is comprehensive, international, and timely.
Popular Literature Review Topics | Lit ReviewChoosing Literature Review Topics. For many students, the most difficult aspect of the literature review is choosing its topic. The review topics selected will often be the subject of research and study for several months or longer.
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What makes internet addicts continue playing online even when faced by severe negative consequences? Possible explanations from an fmri study. Cybersex addiction in heterosexual female users of internet pornography can be explained by gratification hypothesis. In a more recent review, released after the publication of the dsm-5, brand, young and laier the apa has now focused on internet gaming. The prefrontal dysfunction in individuals with internet gaming disorder a meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. Research on the neurobiology of behavioral addictions has continued since the time of the new asam definition.
Internet addiction prevalence, discriminant validity and correlates among adolescents in hong kong Buy now Literature Review On Internet
Attributing the low erns to deficits in executive functioning, these researchers concluded, the results of this study clearly demonstrate individuals with internet addiction were more impulsive than controls and shared neuropsychological and ern characteristics of some disorders, such as pathological gambling, substance abuse. Investigating the combination of natural and drug rewards, pitchers. This extended persistence and its associated implications have led to deltafosbs reference as the molecular switch for addiction a third component is the neurotransmitter glutamate. Neurobiological mechanisms for opponent motivational processes in addiction. Trait impulsivity and impaired prefrontal impulse inhibition function in adolescents with internet gaming addiction revealed by a gono-go fmri study Literature Review On Internet Buy now
Abnormal brain activation of adolescent internet addict in a ball-throwing animation task possible neural correlates of disembodiment revealed by fmri. I encourage you to use such subheadings, which will make it easier for you to write the review and easier for others to read it. Trait impulsivity and impaired prefrontal impulse inhibition function in adolescents with internet gaming addiction revealed by a gono-go fmri study. . Although primary focused on addiction to chemicals, these authors concluded that natural rewards are inherently connected to the dopaminergic reward system, and thus incentive sensitization can also sometimes spill over in animals or humans to other targets, such as food, sex, gambling, recently updated their model to remove the necessity of the component of liking, illustrating wanting as the only component of incentive sensitization theory Buy Literature Review On Internet at a discount
Dopamine genetics and function in food and substance abuse. In this background section, make the topic interesting by explaining it in plain language and by relating it to actual or potential practical applications. Dopamine modulates novelty seeking behavior during decision making. For example, the substance related disorders chapter was renamed substance use and addictive disorders, a non-substance-related disorders subchapter was created, and perhaps most notably, gambling disorder (formerly named pathological gambling) was moved into this the newly formed subchapter, due to its reflecting evidence that gambling behaviors activate reward systems similar to those activated by drugs of abuse and produce some behavioral symptoms that appear comparable to those produced by the substance use disorders conditions for further study of the dsm-5 Buy Online Literature Review On Internet
New developments on the neurobiological and pharmaco-genetic mechanisms underlying internet and videogame addiction. For example, singer reviewed the studies relating to the neurobiological underpinnings of gd based on the idea that the recent re-classification of gd as a behavioral addiction in the dsm-5 suggested that similar cognitive and motivational phenotypes may underlie both gambling and substance use disorders (p. Included in their findings, these authors report, as in alcohol dependence, an inverse relationship between ventral striatal activation during reward anticipation and self-reported impulsivity was observed in both the pathological-gambling and alcohol-dependent groups suggesting that this feature of blunted ventral striatal activation across behavioral- and substance-addiction groups relates similarly to impulsivity Buy Literature Review On Internet Online at a discount
A single erp study compared cue-reactivity in excessive computer gamers and casual computer gamers. Male internet addicts show impaired executive control ability evidence from a color-word stroop task. Additionally, whereas elevated creb levels dissipate quickly, the elevated levels of deltafosb remain for extended periodsweeks or months. List the documents you included in the review. Assessing clinical trials of internet addiction treatment a systematic review and consort evaluation.
Taken together, the mesocortical dopamine pathway affects the cognitive component of reward processing this leads to stage threepreoccupationanticipationfrequently referred to as craving. Similarly, both studies show a correlation between these measures with enhanced desire Literature Review On Internet For Sale
Disentangling pleasure from incentive salience and learning signals in brain reward circuitry. Assessing clinical trials of internet addiction treatment a systematic review and consort evaluation. The incentive salience theory follows the framework of a hypersensitized mesocorticolimbic da pathway, however, this theory focuses on the motivational attributions attached to the behavior, rather than pleasure or reward. Perhaps the largest volume of studies indicating a neurobiological basis for compulsive sexual behavior as akin to the addiction model involve the transcription factor deltafosb. Altered brain activation during response inhibition and error processing in subjects with internet gaming disorder a functional magnetic imaging study For Sale Literature Review On Internet
These authors also found that early stages of addictive process were more tied to environmental factors, while later stages were more tied to heritability. For example, apa openly confused the concept of ia with its subtype of igd in the dsm-5 when they stated internet gaming disorder (also commonly referred to as internet use disorder, internet addiction, or gaming addiction) has merit as an independent disorder ( , p. In short, generalized internet chronic overuse is highly stimulating. Cybersex addiction experienced sexual arousal when watching pornography and not real-life sexual contacts makes the difference. The authors broadened the scope of the childress study, and concluded functional brain imaging studies of sex, romantic love and attachment provide ample evidence for an extended but identifiable system central to natural, non-drug reward processes and survival functions Sale Literature Review On Internet
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